The Roman villa at Varignano, of rustic residential type, is situated in the inlet of Le Grazie, in the Porto Venere area, at the base of the Muzzerone hill and with an open view of the sea, set in a landscape of exceptional beauty.
As per the samples of walls and floors, the villa was dated between the II century BC and the V-VI AD.. It was built in different phases, so it went through various transformations. The first owner of the villa was probably the dominus romano Varenius (from whom Varignano took its name) which must have thought the position of the villa was extraordinarily beautiful, surrounded by the green olive trees and perfect sheltered harbour.
The Villa had many rooms, the floors were mainly paved with decorated red terracotta.
The excavations have brought to light the wall structures of an entrance hall and other utility rooms (prefurnium, tepidarium and frigidarium).
The private bathroom is particularly interesting, it was built on the sunniest side of the house based on a highly perfected heating system.
The combustion oven was placed in a room opposite the furnace and not under its floor any more.
There was a cavity and a hollow space in the furnace wall so that the heat could irradiate with different intensities: higher in the furnace, lower in the warm room. In the north-western area, on a higher level than the Villa was the "pars rustica", the working area, with machinery to press olives and for the preservation of cereals were situated.
The most significant findings of the escavation carried out by the Ligurian Archaeological Super-intendence are displayed in the Antiquarium (a grain recipient, a clay lamp, fish-hooks and bronze needles for fishing nets, republican coins etc.).